[5th World Trails Conference] Trail Revitalization Project Connecting With Local Communities

5th World Trails Conference 2015

#202 CONCURRENT SESSION | trail revitalization project connecting with local communities (1)


Yuichi Asada, Manager of Tottori Walking Resort Promotional Council (Japan)

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Brad Towle, International Tourism Promotion and Development Director of Tanabe City Kumano Tourism Bureau (Japan)

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Yuni Lee, Assistant Manager of Overseas Division of Kyushu Tourism Promotion Organization (Japan)

Presentation Slides Download (PDF – Japanese ONLY)

Thursday, January 15, 2015, Seogwipo ICC


The following 3 images are scans from the 5th World Trails Conference Source Book. Please CLICK or DOWNLOAD to your smartphone, tablet device, or computer for the best viewing.

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[5th World Trails Conference 2015] Effective Donation System Management for Sustainability of Trails (1) | Bruce Trail – Southern Ontario, Canada

5th World Trails Conference 2015

#201 CONCURRENT SESSION | Effective donation system management for sustainability of trails (1)

bruce trail – southern ontario, canada


Antoin Diamond, Director of Land Securement, The Bruce Trail Conservancy (Canada)

Thursday, January 15, 2015, Seogwipo ICC


Presentation Slides Download (PDF FILE)


The following 4 images are scans from the 5th World Trails Conference Source Book. Please CLICK or DOWNLOAD to your smartphone, tablet device, or computer for the best viewing.

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[5th World Trails Conference 2015] PR/Marketing Strategies for Vitalization of Trails (2) | Turkey’s Culture Routes Society Online Digital Marketing Strategies

 5th World Trails Conference 2015

#102 CONCURRENT SESSION | PR/MARKETING STRATEGIES FOR VITALIZATION OF TRAILS (2)

Turkey’s Culture Routes Society Online Digital Marketing Strategies


Huseyin Eryurt –  Business Manager, Culture Routes Society (Turkey)

Thursday, January 15, 2015, Seogwipo ICC


Presentation Slides Download (PDF)


The following 3 images are scans from the 5th World Trails Conference Source Book. Please CLICK or DOWNLOAD to your smartphone, tablet device, or computer for the best viewing.

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[5th World Trails Conference 2015] Trail Resuscitation and Restoration (1) | Western Australia | Trail revitalizing case study from Western Australia

 5th World Trails Conference 2015

#101 CONCURRENT SESSION | TRAIL RESUSCITATION AND RESTORATION (1)

Western Australia | Trail revitalizing case study from Western Australia


 Kerstin Stender –  Trails Coordinator, Bibbulmun Track / MundaBiddi Trail 

Thursday, January 15, 2015, Seogwipo ICC


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Thank you for inviting me here today. It is such a pleasure to speak to you all.

I am from Western Australia and work for the Department of Parks and Wildlife. I am the trails coordinator there so if you wish to come to Australia it is a very big country and the climate changes quite a lot, so make sure if you want to come hiking in Western Australia to come in autumn or spring-time.

I represent three long distance iconic trails, but I am also responsible for policy for another 600 trails in the state of Western Australia. The Bibbulmun Track and Cape to Cape Track are two walking trails and I will primarily talk about those. The Cape to Cape Track is a track that I am currently in a revitalizing program with so most of my examples will come from that, but because I am only halfway through I am also using examples from the other two trails [Munda Biddi is the third trail].

First I’ll give you some instructions on how to develop a framework and then we will look at organizational structures. Branding and signage. Trail infrastructure itself.

Framework

The trail development and revival process is essentially the same process as if you were developing something new or if you are making some major changes like major re-alignment or a major change to how the trail looks.

So some of the key elements of trail development and review process are the essential components to have what makes a trail a sustainable trail. And these are:

1) Long term appeal

2) Positive impact on the environment and heritage

3) Valued and supported by local community

4) Robust, durable and fit for purpose

5) Well managed and maintained

6) Acceptable to land managers

7) Complies with standards

The process you go through before commencing construction for me it takes about 3 quarters of the time for planning. So developing the proposal and setting up your framework and your framework includes a project outline. A key understanding of your project objectives, your stakeholders, your roles, your requirements, and execution. It also includes your management models so I guess it is really the key part of any new project but also any revision to any realignments you’re looking to do to ensure that you’re looking to build or maintain the right trail in the right place. You then move through to site assessment, concept planning, evaluation until you finally get to construction and management. But I think you often shortcut and not end up with the right trail in the right place.

Moving on now after the framework we need to look to see what are the key aspects of a chosen management model. These aspects I’ve identified here are things that every trail should consider to be a successful and sustainable trail.

Visitor Information, product is your trail and destination is your community environment. The roads, the accommodation, and transportation services. Marketing promotion, visitor management, infrastructure and community engagement. Without community support your trail is unlikely to survive.

So in Western Australia we tend to manage our trails through partnership between government and community not-for-profit organizations. I’m the government department.We have a MOU that sets out who is responsible for that, so really the visitor risk and infrastructure is primarily the responsibility of the government. The community engagement, the volunteer maintenance program and some of the visitor information tends to sit with the community partner.

Now moving on into the actual review. Signage is an essential aspect of any trail and provides added identification through naming and branding color and design. It directs visitors and aids them, aids in minimizing environmental impact. It also provides interpretation for cultural and environmental behavior codes.

These are the types of signs and I’ll take you through them very briefly. Before we do that though the first thing we do is for each trail we have we set up a signage prescription. The color, the design, the logo and the types of signs that we would use so that they are always the same and recognizable for that trail.

So for an example this is the logo we use for the Munda Biddi trail. The center piece is the logo that we use for the community partner. And on the right side you can actually see the logo that we have out in the field on the post. You can see the branding across all three of those.

On this example which is from my current review you can see the logo that we use on the left the community partner in the middle and the actual marker that you see out in the field on the right and you can see that they are different so what we want to do is have one kind of branding that goes across all of those. I have brought a marker to show you because the other thing that is good about markers is if they are directions. With that one there you can point to the direction of travel.

We use aluminium screen printing to make the trail markers last a very long time. So we don’t need to replace them more than every 10 years or more.

For walking trails we only mark every 500m if there is no turning off opportunity. The cycling trails we mark every 1000m because we don’t want too many signs out there. That is in our view sufficient. Continue reading [5th World Trails Conference 2015] Trail Resuscitation and Restoration (1) | Western Australia | Trail revitalizing case study from Western Australia

[5th World Trails Conference 2015] Trail Resuscitation and Restoration (2) | Hadrian’s Wall Path | The Challenge of Managing Visitors and Archaeology

5th World Trails Conference 2015

#101 Concurrent Session | Trail Resuscitation and Restoration (2)

Hadrian’s Wall Path | The Challenge of Managing Visitors and Archaeology


 David  McGlade – National Trail and Volunteer Officer

Thursday, January 15, 2015, Seogwipo ICC


Presentation Slides Download (PDF)


It gives me great pleasure to talk to you today about my 20 year project on Hadrian’s Wall Path National Trail.

So carrying capacity and Hadrian’s Wall Path National Trail – the challenge of managing visitors and archaeology.

Hadrian’s Wall Path follows the line of Hadrian’s Wall in the north of England.

Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site. Hadrian’s Wall is an ancient monument of international significance. The wall was constructed in 122 AD under the orders of the emperor Hadrian and it marked the northern limit of the Roman Empire.

80 Roman miles long long it was a complex structure with forts, mile castles, defensive ditches and roads.

We have two ariel views of the wall showing a mile castle, the smaller turret.

The Roman occupation of Britain ended in 410 AD but the Wall has left a permanent mark on the physical and social landscape of Britain.

In 1987 UNESCO recognized its importance in world history by awarding it World Heritage status. That has helped to promote the Wall as a tourism destination.

And today there are now 14 National Trails in England and Wales totaling over 3,500 KM.

I would like to show you some general views showing Hadrian’s Wall and National Trails at their very best.

This is the World Famous Houseteads Roman Fort in the middle of the wall.

And some more views of the wall and the national trail alongside it.

Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site is one of the most legally ‘protected’ landscapes in the world. However, the 1,900 year old Wall and its associated archaeological earthworks without appropriate management are easily damaged.

Sections of the wall will actually collapse if people are allowed to walk on top of it. Here we see erosion in 1991. This was before the national trail was established. This is actual damage to the archaeology of Hadrian’s Wall.

Here we have drainage problems where visitors are forced to walk on top of a monument.

And I ask the question: ‘Is this much damage acceptable or is it damage at all?’

Or is the answer to construct engineered paths everywhere?

Why then if the wall is so sensitive why develop Hadrian’s Wall Path?

In 1984 it was suggested that the best way of reducing the risk of erosion and damage to the wall was to spread visitors over a much wider area.

A 135km walking route was researched and subjected to considerable archaeological scrutiny. It received government approval in 1994 and finally opened in May 2003.

However, there was a condition. The government insisted that the trail’s clear aim is to manage it as a green sward (which means a ‘grass path’).

In the World Heritage Site Management Plan it states: ‘Hadrian’s Wall Path National Trail should be proactively managed primarily as a grass sward surface to protect the archaeology underfoot and the setting of the World Heritage Site’.

Now a green grass sward path like this one. But not like this. And this is the same site.

A beautiful green sward path like this? And the same site in winter like this. In an area in winter soils become water logged.

So why is it important to maintain the green sward path?

The answer is because everywhere underfoot there is the likely-hood of finding archaeology. A green sward is considered the best way for both the archaeology as well as the landscape setting of Hadrian’s Wall itself.

Here are some examples of what I call near-surface archaeology.

It might not look like very much, but it is archaeology.

And in this picture this is all that remains of Hadrian’s Wall. There’s even less in this picture.

Remember the wet area in the earlier slide? We accidentally came across a Roman well. So everywhere there is the likely-hood of finding archaeology.

So carrying capacity. Archaeological earthworks, high rainfall and large numbers of people conflict with each other it is impossible to say how many people the landscape can take before their is damage and we believe it is much better to achieve consensus of all organizations by defining and working towards the agreed quality standards.

So let’s just reflect on a moment. I have some photos of Hadrian’s Wall taken in the 1890s. And I the same views today. I just wonder will the Wall look the same in another 100 years time.

A photo in the 1890s. And today.

It really hasn’t changed much at all.

Another view from the 1890s.

Nothing has changed. Even the sheep are still there on the hillside.

Continue reading [5th World Trails Conference 2015] Trail Resuscitation and Restoration (2) | Hadrian’s Wall Path | The Challenge of Managing Visitors and Archaeology